Georgia Civil War Heritage
The Civil War, or the War Between the States, changed Georgia forever. Approximately 11,000 Georgians were killed between 1861 and 1865, while 460,000 others were emancipated by the War’s outcome. Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails® (“GCWHT”) interprets Georgia’s Civil War era along its historic routes while leading visitors on an experience into the past. Indeed the drives themselves, along many of the same roads once used by soldiers wearing blue or gray, are as significant to understanding Georgia’s importance during the War as are the interpretive markers. GCWHT also highlights various preservation opportunities, with many scenic and cultural benefits.
The Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails divides the state into six regions, each designating an area or major event from Georgia’s Civil War era. The Atlanta Campaign and March to the Sea were Georgia’s two most significant Civil War events. For more information, visit www.gacivilwar.org, and pick up a brochure about the Civil War sesquicentennial at the Paulding County Welcome and Information Center, 455 Jimmy Campbell Pkwy., Dallas, GA 30132.
Atlanta Campaign Historical Route (Paulding County Sites)
DeGress Battery - The Battle of Dallas began near here on May 28, 1864, as Confederate forces were ordered to test the Federal line by attacking its right flank. After early success, the Federal line was found still to be in place, with Captain Francis Degress’ battery supporting their counterattack.
The Orphan Brigade - A delay in ordering Confederate Joseph Lewis’ Kentucky Orphans and one other brigade to stay in place caused them to attack Union Major General John A. Logan’s well-entrenched 15th Corps. The Confederates lost nearly 50% in what is known as the Battle of Dallas.
Battle of New Hope Church - Attempting to flank the Confederate army encamped at Allatoona Pass, Federals marched southwest, led by Hooker’s 20th Corps. But a Confederate division under Major General Alexander P. Stewart arrived here first, repulsing the Federal attack on May 25, 1864.
New Hope Cemetery - During the Battle of New Hope Church, many Confederates used tombstones here as shields. The cemetery now contains the graves of their casualties. This densely wooded and deep-ditched area became “the Hell Hole” to the Federal units that sustained heavy casualties.
Pickett's Mill Battlefield State Historic Site - One of the most pristine battlefield sites in the nation, the battle occurred here on May 27, 1864 as Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood’s Federal division led an attempt to flank the Confederate right. It resulted in heavy Federal casualties.
For complete information on the Civil War Historic Driving Route, visitwww.gcwht.org.
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